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Beira

Capital of Sofala Province

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Location and map of Beira


Location of Beira-  Capital of Sofala Province
Location of Beira- Capital of Sofala Province

Beira Factsheet


Beira is the capital city of Sofala Province, serving as Mozambique's second-largest city and one of its most crucial maritime ports.

Location: Located on the east coast of Mozambique, Beira is situated on the Pungwe River estuary before it meets the Indian Ocean. The city's coordinates are approximately 19.84° S latitude and 34.84° E longitude.

Climate: Beira has a tropical savanna climate, with a wet season from November to April and a more arid season from May to October. Humidity is high year-round, and temperatures average between 22°C and 30°C.

Brief Historical Background and Status as the Capital: Founded by the Portuguese in 1891, Beira developed as a key port and rail terminus, particularly once the railway to Zimbabwe was completed. It became the capital of Sofala Province by virtue of its significant economic and strategic position.

Population Size: Beira's diverse population is estimated to be over 500,000 residents. The city has seen continued growth, partly due to its central role in trade and industry.

Main Economic Activities and Industries: As a primary port city, Beira's economy hinges on maritime trade, servicing not only Mozambican imports and exports but also those of landlocked neighboring countries. The city has numerous industries, including processing, shipping services, and fishing.

Transportation Networks and Utilities: Beira serves as a significant logistical hub and is connected by road, rail, and air to various parts of the country and neighboring nations. Utilities are relatively well-developed, though occasionally strained by natural disasters and rapid urban expansion.

Key Infrastructure Points: Ports, Airports, Roads: The Port of Beira is a key infrastructure asset, providing critical access to the sea for inland regions. The Beira airport allows for domestic and limited international flights, while the Beira Railway Corridor offers vital rail connectivity, especially for cargo.

Tourist Attractions: Tourist attractions include the Macuti Lighthouse and Shipwreck, the Grande Hotel Beira, and the beautiful beaches such as Savanna Beach. Beira also has a rich architectural heritage reflecting its cosmopolitan and colonial past.

Distance to Maputo: Beira is located around 1,200 km north of Maputo, with road travel typically taking upwards of 16 hours. Air travel from Beira to Maputo can take around 2 hours, establishing it as a convenient means of commuting between the two cities.

This fact sheet illustrates Beira as a city with an impactful economic footprint and an established infrastructure that supports its position as a regional trade giant. While touching upon its historical relevance and role as a hub for international commerce, it also introduces the cultural and touristic elements that complement the city's dynamic character.

Map of Sofala Province


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