Mozambique Cabo Delgado Province

The 10 provinces of Mozambique
The 10 provinces of Mozambique

Cabo Delgado Province Fact Sheet

Cabo Delgado, the northernmost province of Mozambique, is an area defined by its rich cultural heritage, natural resources, and significant development potential.

General Description: Cabo Delgado is known for its pristine beaches, untouched coral reefs, and offshore natural gas fields. It is home to a mix of cultures, including Makonde, Mwani, and Swahili, among others, and has a history steeped in trade, resource extraction, and a growing tourism industry.

Surface Area: The province encompasses approximately 82,625 square kilometers, making it one of the larger provinces of Mozambique.

Geographical Limits:

  • North: The Rovuma River forms the natural border between Cabo Delgado and Tanzania.
  • South: It is bounded by the province of Nampula.
  • West: Niassa province lies to Cabo Delgado's west.
  • East: The province has a vast coastline along the Indian Ocean, showcasing beautiful beaches and marine biodiversity.

Main Cities: The provincial capital is Pemba, known for its beautiful bay and thriving port. Other important cities include Montepuez, known for its mineral resources, and Mocímboa da Praia, a key town for trade and fishing.

Number of Districts: Cabo Delgado is divided into 17 districts, illustrating its size and the diversity of communities within its borders.

Name of Districts: The districts include Ancuabe, Balama, Chiúre, Ibo, Macomia, Mecúfi, Meluco, Mocímboa da Praia, Montepuez, Muidumbe, Namuno, Nangade, Palma, Pemba-Metuge, Quissanga, and Mueda.

Climate: Cabo Delgado experiences a tropical climate with a hot, rainy season from December to April and a cooler, drier season from May to November. The coastal areas tend to be more humid and warm, while the inland areas can be cooler.

Population: As of the last census, the population of Cabo Delgado was over 2 million people, with population densities varying from urban centers to more rural districts.

Languages: Portuguese is the official language of Mozambique, and it is widely spoken in urban areas of Cabo Delgado. Local languages, such as Makonde, Mwani, and Swahili, are commonly used, reflecting the diverse ethnic groups in the region.

Major Products: Cabo Delgado's economy is diverse, with key industries including natural gas, rubies, timber, agriculture, and fishing. The discovery of sizeable natural gas reserves has positioned the province as an emerging setting for the energy sector. Agricultural products often include cassava, cashew nuts, and various fruits.

Main Roads: The province is served by several major roads, including National Road Number 1 (EN1), which connects Pemba to the rest of the country. Other significant roads facilitate the movement of goods, people, and connect districts, cities, and neighboring Tanzania to the north. However, some remote areas may still be inaccessible by road, especially during the rainy season.

Cabo Delgado, with its natural beauty, cultural richness, and economic potential, represents both the challenges and the vast opportunities present in Mozambique. Its development is closely watched by local and international stakeholders, and its future, while complex, is full of promise.

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