Nampula city & Nampula province

Nampula city, with about 600,000 residents, is Mozambique's third-largest city after Maputo and Matola. As the bustling capital of the densely populated Nampula Province, home to over 4 million people, it occupies a central position 200 kilometers from the coastline. It is strategically situated on the Northern Development Corridor, which forges a vital link by road and rail between the seaport of Nacala and landlocked Southern African nations, particularly Malawi.

Nampula also serves as a transport hub, featuring a national highway and an international airport that facilitates connectivity both within Mozambique and into neighboring countries with its frequent flights.

While industrial activity may not be its mainstay, Nampula thrives in commerce, services, tourism, and education. Remarkably, it boasts the most universities and training institutes outside of Maputo, fostering a dynamic educational landscape.

Its sphere of influence extends across Northern Mozambique and even reaches parts of the Central Region. For nearby areas in Malawi and Tanzania, Nampula has become a significant point of reference.

The History Behind Nampula

Let,s Embark on a historical journey through Nampula's past. Established in 1907 by the Portuguese colonial military forces, Nampula was declared a city in 1956. It played a pivotal role during the liberation war as a strategic military base against the Frelimo fighters and grew significantly towards the end of colonial domination.

Post-independence, the departure of Portuguese settlers led to an influx of rural populations into the city's outskirts, a trend that surged during the destabilizing civil conflict from 1982 to 1992. Contrary to government expectations post-war for rural rehabilitation, urban migration has only accelerated, with Nampula emerging as a beacon of growth and investment.

This urban magnetism has drawn people not just from Mozambique, but from across Africa and beyond, challenging the city's infrastructure with the annual arrival of tens of thousands seeking better prospects.

Nampula Province Fact Sheet

Nampula province in Mozambique is a region of rich cultural diversity and economic activity, known for its coastal cities and bustling provincial capital.

General Description: Nampula is characterized by its unique granite inselbergs, which punctuate the otherwise gentle rolling plains. The region is known for the rich cultivation of cashew nuts and cotton, its beautiful beaches, and a growing industrial sector.

Surface Area: Nampula has a surface area of approximately 81,606 square kilometers, which places it among the larger provinces in terms of landmass within Mozambique.

Geographical Limits:

  • North: Cabo Delgado province is its neighbor to the north.
  • South: Zambezia province forms the southern boundary.
  • West: It shares its western border with Niassa province.
  • East: The Indian Ocean lies to its east, with a coastline that features important ports and stunning beaches.

Main Cities:

  • Nampula city is the provincial capital and a key urban hub in northern Mozambique.
  • Nacala boasts one of the deepest natural ports on the African east coast and is essential for maritime trade.
  • Angoche and the Island of Mozambique (Ilha de Moçambique) are other notable cities, each with rich histories and cultural landmarks.

Number of Districts: The province is composed of 23 districts.

Name of Districts: These include Angoche, Eráti, Ilha de Moçambique, Lalaua, Larde, Liúpo, Malema, Meconta, Memba, Mecubúri, Mogincual, Mogovolas, Moma, Monapo, Mossuril, Muecate, Murrupula, Nacala-a-Velha, Nacala Porto, Nacarôa, Nampula, Rapale, and Ribáuè.

Climate: Nampula experiences a tropical savanna climate, with a rainy season from November to April and a dry season from May to October.

Population: The province is home to over five million individuals, making it one of the most populous regions in Mozambique.

Languages: Portuguese is the official language used in administration and education, while Emakhuwa, Echuwabo, and Elomwe are among the indigenous languages spoken here.

Major Products: The economy is largely based on agriculture, with emphasis on cashew and cotton farming, alongside fishing due to its coastal location. Mineral resources also contribute to the local economy.

Main Roads: Major roadways include the N1 highway, crossing the province and linking it to other parts of Mozambique. Secondary roads connect the districts and are crucial for local trade.

Main Airport: Nampula International Airport (Aeroporto Internacional de Nampula), with the IATA code APL and the ICAO code FQNP, is the primary airport serving the Nampula province. It operates both domestic and international flights and is an important gateway for northern Mozambique.

Distance from Nampula City to Capital Maputo by Road: The distance from Nampula city to Maputo, the capital of Mozambique, is approximately 2,100 kilometers by road. The journey can take over 30 hours of driving, traversing the length of the country and reflecting the vastness of Mozambique's territory.

Nampula is a province that encapsulates the rich tapestry of Mozambique's landscapes, cultures, and economic aspirations. It's a region where history resonates within its ancient cities and economic potential throbs in its busy ports and fertile fields.

Map of Nampula Province

7-day weather forecast for Nampula Province

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