Mozambique Population Data

Provinces of Mozambique - Demographic indicators

Mozambique, a nation located on the southeastern coast of Africa, is home to a diverse and growing population spread across its provinces. Each province boasts unique demographic indicators, which reflect the distribution of its male and female residents. Here is an overview of the population numbers of the provinces as per the latest demographic data:In the province of 

  • Niassa, there are 936,586 men and 996,910 women, bringing the total population to 1,933,505.
  • Cabo Delgado, known for its beautiful coastline and rich cultural heritage, has a population of 1,191,647 men and 1,263,425 women, with a total of 2,455,072 inhabitants.
  • Nampula, the most populous province, is home to 2,943,049 men and 3,093,120 women, amounting to a bustling population of 6,036,169.
  • Zambezia, with its fertile lands and significant agricultural output, hosts 2,608,064 men and 2,820,046 women, totaling 5,428,110 people.
  • The province of Tete, known for its mining activities, is home to 1,379,227 men and 1,434,002 women, with an overall population of 2,813,229.
  • In Manica, there are 987,805 men and 1,068,232 women, resulting in a total demographic count of 2,056,037 residents.
  • Sofala, with its historical significance and role in trade, contains a population of 1,159,309 men and 1,229,593 women, which equals 2,388,902 inhabitants in total.
  • The coastal province of Inhambane, famous for its beautiful beaches and warm waters, has 698,279 men and 818,163 women, summing up to 1,516,442 individuals.
  • Gaza province, with its growing economy, consists of 652,506 men and 784,338 women, leading to a total of 1,436,844 residents.
  • Maputo Province, excluding the city, has a population of 1,024,155 men and 1,107,229 women, which combines to make 2,131,384 people.
  • Maputo City, the capital and economic hub of Mozambique, is where 544,766 men and 577,841 women live, adding up to a total urban population of 1,122,607.Across all of Mozambique, the numbers culminate in a remarkable total of 29,318,301, with 14,125,393 men and 15,192,908 women. 

Young population of Mozambique - challenges

The censuses provide a crucial insight into Mozambique's demography and highlight the need for long-term planning strategies to address the challenges associated with a young and growing population. Additionally, measures to support the growing, though still small, elderly population will be essential as Mozambique progresses.

Population Evolution by Census Data:

The provided data showcases the population growth in Mozambique over three census years: 1997, 2007, and 2017. It is evident that there has been a steady increase in both the male and female population across all age groups, indicating an overall population rise over these two decades.

Age Group Distribution:

Across all three census years, the youngest age groups (0-4, 5-9, 10-14, 15-19) make up the largest proportion of the population. This trend aligns with that of a country with a young population structure, where a significant portion of individuals are of school-going age or are about to enter the labor force. 

Social Implications:

The increasingly larger and predominantly young population will have significant implications for Mozambique's public policies. Increased investment in early childhood and primary education will be necessary, as well as strategies to ensure access to secondary education and higher education opportunities for the growing youth. Moreover, an active young population requires job creation and other economic opportunities to maintain social and economic stability.